Overview of Moxibustion

Moxibustion, refers to the application of high temperature (mainly warm AI drug or other substance produced after combustion) or low temperature, or in certain materials (drugs or other substances have a stimulating effect on the skin) in direct contact with the skin surface after the stimulation effect on the acupoints of the human body or a specific part, so as to achieve a preventive therapy or the treatment of diseases. It is one of the main components of acupuncture and moxibustion, and also one of the most important traditional non drug therapies in china.
Belongs to the moxibustion thermotherapy, close and fire, the fire history can be traced back to 500 thousand years ago, the "Beijing" or "Lantian 800 thousand years ago" era in China and beyond. According to archaeological studies, in Beijing, Zhoukoudian unearthed in the bone fossils, found in the ashes left and burned animal bones or earth. As early as about 50 thousand years ago in the primitive clan commune period, our ancestors have learned to use fire to warm, cooked food, especially in the top hole of the people of the past 18 thousand years has mastered the method of artificial fire. Moxibustion with the application of fire to germinate, and continuous development in its application in practice.
The ancients in the hot fire, due to accidental burns and relieve some pain, so as to get the cauterization cure inspiration, this is the origin of "moxibustion moxibustion." in "Shuowen Jiezi" in the explanation is "burning", is burning physical disease. The earliest possible use of the branches, firewood fire smoke, burning, hot pressing and to eliminate pain, later gradually using AI (moxa) as the main moxa. AI, since ancient times in China's vast land to grow everywhere, for its fragrance, warm, flammable, and thermal relaxation, then replace the general branch of fuel, and become the best material for moxibustion. According to the "Zuo Zhuan" records, Lu Cheng Gong 10 years (581 BC), Qin Jin Jing Gong disease, doctor to medicine delay to diagnosis, medicine slow said: "Jibukewei, under the blind, paste, the attack can not be reached before, medicine does not cure it." The Jin Kingdom notes: "attack" means "of" acupuncture moxibustion. The Han Dynasty Zhang Zhongjing's "Shanghanzabinglun" in the "fire" and "fire" records, the words of fire, also refers to the moxibustion.
"Moxibustion" in the existing literature, the "Chuang-tzu" the earliest mention of Confucius, such as Liu Xiazhi persuasion: "hill called disease-free since moxibustion." "Mencius - from" Lou had also recorded: "today to the king of Judah, seven years of disease, for three years of AI", is obviously the moxibustion. We can deduce from that in the spring and Autumn period, moxibustion is very popular. The tomb excavated in 1973 three in China's Hunan Mawangdui Changsha. In the unearthed silk, documenting the meridian moxibustion will have 3, is a precious document currently found in "Neijing" before the earliest. In medical books, moxibustion was first seen in "Neijing". "Q - different methods should be on the side of the north," said: "the world closed reservoir of the domain, their Gaoling home, cold ice cold, the folk music of wild and fresh milk, dirty cold with disease, its treatment should be moxibustion Bing Bing, the moxibustion, also from the north." That living habits, conditions and clinical characteristics of moxibustion and people produced in northern China have a close relationship.
Since the emergence of many aspects of acupuncture works, such as the Jin Dynasty Huangfu Mi's "zhenjiujiayijing", Sun Simiao of the Tang Dynasty "emergency prescriptions" is advocated by Acupuncture and moxibustion. Tang Dynasty, Wang Tao's "Taiwan Taiwan to the secret" is abandoned needle moxibustion, visible at the time of the importance of moxibustion. Since the Song Dynasty Wang Zhizhong "acupuncture and Moxibustion", Wu Ming Ju Ying acupuncture high ", Yang Jizhou's" acupuncture ", to the Qing Dynasty Liao Runhong's" integration "of acupuncture and moxibustion on all. There are a lot of the moxibustion monographs, such as the third Century ad there are "Cao moxibustion method", the Tang Dynasty is "deficiency disease moxibustion method", the Song Dynasty is the "Huangdi Mingtang moxibustion gaohuang by Moxibustion" "Yu Xuefa" "emergency Moxibustion", the mysterious "carbuncle by Moxibustion", the Qing Dynasty have "Taiyi moxacone" God "economy" moxibustion etc..The first use of moxibustion treatment, direct moxibustion, moxa cone and large number of strong (counting unit more, such as moxa cone) "Tai Sheng Hui Fang" pointed out: "although the number of foot cone moxibustion, get sore pus from bad, that is not a bad sore; if the disease does not heal." The "golden mirror of medicine, acupuncture and moxibustion to heart" also said: "all the fire moxibustion disease, have enough air to, can only ask more." At the same time, the ancients highly respected the application of festering moxibustion for health care and prevention of disease. With the rapid development of modern moxibustion, in order to reduce the pain of patients receiving acupuncture, moxibustion with a young moxibustion, and designed a variety of methods, such as medicine, moxibustion moxibustion (including acupuncture, Taiyi God of thunder fire miraculous acupuncture), warming moxibustion moxibustion, moxibustion, moxibustion and other day lights. According to different condition, often using indirect moxibustion, separated by the articles for ginger, garlic, salt, fermented black bean cake, aconite cake etc.. Made a great contribution for human moxibustion health care.