Brief introduction of Moxibustion

Many kinds of Moxibustion in our country, but in general can be pided into moxibustion and moxibustion in two categories.
Moxibustion method
Moxibustion, it is made in the leaves as a kind of Moxa Moxibustion Moxibustion materials method. Whether ancient or modern, the most widely used in clinical practice is the law.
Method of moxibustion moxa moxibustion and moxibustion. Have a direct moxibustion moxa moxibustion (direct moxibustion) and moxibustion (indirect moxibustion points); a mild moxibustion moxibustion, revolving moxibustion, sparrow pecking moxibustion and pressing moxibustion, Moxibustion Separated different types, the therapeutic effects of different characteristics. Due to the "leaves Kuxin, temperature, cooked hot, pure Yang" ("Mingyi bielu"), as the materials of moxibustion, through the meridians, Qi and dispelling cold, reviving Yang effect, easy to burn, made after the moxa smell fragrant, mild fire, the heat can penetrate the skin deep. Direct tissue, moxibustion is widely used and rapidly developed in clinic.
Leaves, Asteraceae perennial herb (Artemisia argyi L vl., et Vant.) of the dry leaf. Also known as ice, grass, grass, sweet home, moxibustion Ai Ai etc.. The name of the source of AI, "Compendium of Materia Medica" contains: "the grass can mow disease, indemnity for a long time and good, so the word from QE and the name 'AI'". "Ice" from a "cut ice makes round, lift and Japanese, with AI Cheng, is a fire" ("natural history"), ("grass" Mingyi bielu) and moxibustion grass ("Pi Ya"), because of the disease named moxibustion doctors. All over the country are produced, it is often named according to its origin, such as Hebei are called beiai, Zhejiang Siming producer Haiai said, Hubei property said Qiai Qi zhou.
AI is the working people of our country to recognize and use earlier plants. "Book of Songs Wang Feng": "he Cai AI Xi, one day apart, such as three years old." Qu Yuan wrote the famous "Lisao": "serving households to Yiying AI Xi, that can not wear orchids". It is shown that AI was widely used before the year b.. This application, when it can be dominated by medicinal, from some other books can be confirmed, such as "Mencius" set: "still seven years of disease, for three years of AI"; "Chuang-tzu" in "the more people smoked in AI".
The moxibustion as a specific treatment and recorded in the medical books, is first seen in "fifty-two Prescriptions", contained in two with AI medical prescription, one of them is in the leaves for direct moxibustion treatment, man: "your bald enterocele (): take the dirt, wrapped with AI, but in Britain with Moxibustion, so bad". To take hemp pieces wrapped in dry Aiyeli, in the decadent hernia patients head center of Department of acupuncture, until the skin fester until burning. Later the "pivot" in the book, is also mentioned in the leaves as materials of moxibustion, and its treatment with needle AI ", has" Ai "as a synonym for" Moxibustion ". Although the medical books of the past dynasties have also recorded other moxibustion materials, they have not been widely used and long history. Leaves as drug records to beam Tao Hongjing "famous doctor don't record" the earliest, the resistance theory were discussed in this paper: "Ai leaves: bitter, tepid, non-toxic, the main diseases of moxibustion". Su Song song, "classics of Materia Medica" is the earliest recorded a more complete monograph on Ye Sheng pharmacy content cloud: "the leaves, not the old state soil, but the cloud field. This has everywhere, I preferred to the cloud, moxibustion is better than spring cloth, seedling, stem and leaf of Artemisia seedlings to back white, short is preferred". The Ming Dynasty Li Shizhen is respected by Artemisia argyi moxibustion, he pointed out in "Compendium of Materia Medica": "(leaves) since, with the winner by filling Qi Zhou, on the side, under the heavy, called Qiyi, where legend has it that he cannot pass through a jar of moxibustion, moxibustion Qiai is straight. Is also different".
Moxibustion with moxa, first of all, the tender leaf of the spring, the spring collection is good, and the time to place a long time. The Song Dynasty Su Song "materia medica map" said: "in March 3rd, May 5th, the stem leaf picking storm, Chen long are available". The Tang Dynasty Sun Simiao "Qian Jin Yi Fang - Volume seventeen" that: "where the leaves should be used to treat Chen long, soft, ripe called ai. If born AI, moxibustion is easy to hurt the skin". Secondly, moxa making, to remove impurities and dust, moxa to pounded fine. Li Shizhen in the "Compendium of Materia Medica" in the quite detailed: "take the net leaf, Yang dust, into the mortar, wooden pestle cooked, Luo to take white trash, and then stir, to soft rotten cotton as for degree. When used to bake, then moxibustion fire."In modern times, the application research of Artemisia argyi. In terms of varieties, found throughout the country in addition to genuine leaves (A.argyi) as the main varieties, there are many areas (A.lavandulaefolia, DC.) of Artemisia Artemisia princeps (A.princeps Pamp.) used as a leaf. According to statistics, at present, more than 20 kinds of domestic AI species. The first 3 due to historical reasons, can be regarded as the leaf's substitutes, the remaining 20 kinds should be regarded as a fake mixed leaves be different. In terms of quality leaves, a large number of studies show that, in the volatile oil of Artemisia argyi and trace elements content, combustion heat release is superior to other regions of Artemisia argyi. In the harvest period of Aiye, much to the volatile oil of Artemisia ethanol extract content in various chemical compounds as the index results showed that the leaf's harvest period to the Dragon Boat Festival (5 ~ June) is the most appropriate. The highest content of volatile oil was collected at noon every day.
Is because of Artemisiae: convenient, the price is low; for the production of moxa into various shapes, Ai Yi lit moxa moxa; burning heat, mild and lasting, can wear the advantages of direct channeling skin deep, so that the application of date, time.
Two, non moxibustion method
Non moxibustion refers not to the source of stimulation as Moxa Moxibustion, moxibustion method is an important part of China's rich and varied. Non moxibustion and its stimulation of different sources can be pided into three categories, one is to warm as a heat source for a class of moxibustion stimulation; cold moxibustion at room temperature to some certain stimulating effect on the skin material treatment, also known as modern day moxibustion, also known as foaming or foam; therapy; another is based on the temperature in the irritant effect of zero centigrade in the temple area reached the purpose of frozen moxibustion moxibustion.
Non moxibustion, especially the hot and cold moxibustion moxibustion has a long history in china. Early in the Jin Dynasty "zhouhoubeijifang" in carrying useful wax moxibustion method is caused by rule of law, "to fill the sores in wax fire moxibustion". The Tang Dynasty, "Qian Jin Yi Fang" to Zhuru furuncle treated as heat source: "scraping bamboo arrows with Ru for Zhu, moxibustion 27." In the Song Dynasty "acupuncture and Moxibustion" in two kinds of cold and hot moxibustion were clearly described. Such as hot moxibustion, mentioned with dry stool burning Moxibustion: "old people pass old and looks like the boy who, to cover every year in effect also strong fecal navel." Other such as cold moxibustion: "rural people to set in the palm of Eclipta mash, a husband, when the two ribs in ancient money, with the Department of silk, which is only called vesicles, vesiculation. Can be more malaria." To the Ming Dynasty, with the further development of non thermal moxibustion moxa, the mulberry similar Moxa Moxibustion Moxibustion, moxibustion and other peach branches, such as Li Chan's "Introduction to medicine": "mulberry burning flame blew, attempting to moxibustion sore." The peach branches are more like thunder fire moxibustion acupuncture: "peach branches cut into a wooden needle, such as chicken, five or six inches long, flat. When in use, 35 cotton paper layer lining on the surface of the skin, the needle dipped in sesame oil with a hot needle, blow out." ("Compendium of Materia Medica"). In addition, the Ming and Qing dynasties also appeared non moxibustion in different types, such as lights, lamp lighting method, moxibustion moxibustion, medicine tablet moxibustion and moxibustion method such as water twist. Non moxibustion has made great progress in modern times, on the one hand is the sublation of traditional methods, some will have not adapt to modern clinical therapy such as mulberry moxibustion, moxibustion and moxibustion and fecal peach branches eliminated, while some have the value of moxibustion to explore and perfect, promote and improve, especially some of the few people such as Zhuang Medicated Thread Moxibustion Moxibustion, more able to inherit and carry forward. On the other hand, with the participation of modern science and technology, a large number of new non moxibustion methods have emerged. All of these will be presented in the following sections.