/Diet kidney failure natural treatment

Diet kidney failure natural treatment

author:admin       pubdate:2017-08-21 14:54


In patients with chronic renal failure of the heat supply is the first issue to consider, if the heat supply is insufficient, the body uses protein is poor, but also need to consume their energy to supplement the protein, thereby increasing the renal excretion of urea, elevated blood urea nitrogen level, increase the symptoms of uremia and cause weight loss. Therefore, emphasis must be placed on the daily should supply enough adult daily calories. At least need to supply the 0.126~0.168MJ/kg weight, children require more 0.210~0.420MJ/kg daily for weight. The heat is the main source of sugar and fat, accounted for 55%~60% of the total energy and the 35% left and right is appropriate, the remaining heat from the protein supplement. The proportion that fat intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids and mono unsaturated fatty acids and saturated fatty acids should be 1:1:1, or polyunsaturated fatty acids and saturated fatty acid is lower than 1, while the single unsaturated fatty acid is higher than 1, the use of cooking requirements Vegetable oil, increasing fish, should eat less animal fat, cholesterol per day should be less than 300mg. because of low cholesterol and polyunsaturated fatty acids can improve lipid metabolism, reduce atherosclerosis, improve hemorheology, reduce blood pressure and blood viscosity, is conducive to preventing or delaying the progression of chronic renal insufficiency can be performed.

Symptoms of chronic renal failure

1, the respiratory system

Exhaled ammonia smell, breathing slightly faster and deeper, severe can appear uremic pneumonia, pleural effusion

2, the digestive system

Uremia, gastritis, colitis, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and diarrhea in the mouth and so on

3, the nervous system

Fatigue, memory loss, insomnia, anxiety; late can emerge lethargy, delirium, coma and mania.

4, the cardiovascular system

High blood pressure, arrhythmias, heart failure, pericarditis, and local patients manifest pericardial effusion,

5, water, electrolyte, acid-base imbalance

When the renal concentration function drops, nocturia will emerge as a result of increased glomerular filtration rate and cause oliguria. Due to falling limit sodium or improper application of diuretics can emerge low sodium or low potassium, in patients with advanced renal disease can emerge phosphorus increased, decreased blood calcium and high potassium, and emerge with the corresponding diseases.

6 skin and mucous membranes

Such as pigment calm, itchy skin and so on

5 important points of diet kidney failure natural treatment

1, limit protein intake

Adopt the high-quality low protein diet in patients with chronic renal failure, intake should be restricted to protein, in order to reduce the burden of kidney, but if you eat too little, the consumption of muscle and visceral organs of the body, resulting in malnutrition, intake of quality and physiological value of high animal protein foods, such as milk, eggs, meat, but to control the plant protein in vivo. The utilization rate is low, the metabolism of more nitrogenous waste, so can not be any food, such as legumes (beans, mung beans, soybeans, beans, beans, Wan Douren), soy products (tofu, Dried tofu, Soybean Milk), nuts (peanuts, melon seeds, cashew, walnut, chestnut etc.).

2, be careful with moisture control

Urination in patients with acute renal failure is reduced, the water will accumulate in the body, the cardiovascular system load increases, there will be no vitality, body weight gain, edema, cough, shortness of breath and lay down, the blood volume is reduced, and hypertension, heart failure, pericarditis.

3, beware of blood potassium ion is too high

When suffering from acute renal failure, caused by potassium ion is not excreted by the kidneys, will cause hyperkalemia, may cause finger numbness, fatigue, weakness, chest tightness, stiff tongue, difficulty speaking, loss of consciousness, severe arrhythmia or cardiac arrest and death.

4, pay attention to chronic renal failure diet salt control

The water can not be discharged, acute renal failure caused by salt, easy to edema and hypertension. Patients a day should not exceed 5 grams of edible salt. You can use sugar, onion, ginger, garlic and so on to improve the taste. And should be limited to high sodium foods, such as processing canned, salted and smoked products, butter Levin, pickled vegetable. Pickles and fast food. If the appetite is not good, do not need to eat salt, nutrition as the premise, until a good appetite, after having enough nutrition again limit salt.

5, chronic renal failure diet should take enough calories

In the limit of protein intake, in order to avoid calorie intake, can eat high calorie and low protein food to supplement. Vegetable oil (such as soybean, peanut oil), low protein starch (such as wheat starch, lotus root starch) and carbohydrates (such as sugar, honey, ginger sugar, fructose, with water) the production of a variety of delicious snacks, in order to avoid excessive weight loss. Of course in patients with diabetic nephropathy should be limited to sugar diet.

 

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