Uremic patients to maintain adequate calorie intake; to ensure adequate protein intake; strict control of water and salt intake; kidney dialysis patients at the same time to limit the intake of phosphorus. Uremic diet depends mainly on their respective conditions, including renal residual renal function, uremia in patients with urine output and uremic patients with hemodialysis frequency. So uremia have a certain diet precautions, then the symptoms of uremic patients what? Here to give you an introduction:
Uremic patients diet Note:
Uremic patients diet to ensure adequate protein intake:
Uremic diet to ensure adequate intake of protein reasons: every day to ensure adequate intake of protein, uremic kidney dialysis patients long-term low-protein diet can lead to malnutrition, easy to get inflammation, atherosclerosis and other diseases.
So kidney dialysis patients need to consume enough protein every day to ensure nutritional needs. Protein is not eating the better, uremic patients diet protein intake is not high can not improve the nutritional status of patients and serum albumin concentration rise, but will make the body of toxic levels accumulation, dialysis can not fully remove these toxins, can lead to Patients with nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, fatigue and other gastrointestinal symptoms and high potassium, hyperphosphatemia and so on.
Uremic diet in ensuring the heat under the premise of the general dialysis patients daily standard weight per kilogram of protein intake of about 1.0 grams. That is, a height of 1.55 meters, weighing 50 kg of patients every day to eat 50 grams of protein, of which more than half of the protein from the meat, eggs, milk, and soy. That is, half a catty staple food (weight) +1 kg of vegetables + 1 egg + 1 bag + 1 two lean meat containing about 50 grams of protein.
Inadequate calorie content with almost no protein of starch, vegetable oil make up. Plant nuts such as peanuts, melon seeds, walnuts, cashew nuts, almonds, almonds, almonds, and so on, such as gluten, red beans, beans, beans, peas and so on; Wait.
Uremic diet strict control of water intake:
Uremia diet patients must control the water, salt intake: limit salt is mainly limited sodium, sodium in the blood is to maintain the plasma osmotic pressure of the main ions, more sodium, the water will move from the blood vessels around the organization To the osmotic pressure within the blood vessels, causing excessive blood vessels, increased the burden on the heart, causing high blood pressure, heart failure. In the edema, oliguria, high blood pressure and dialysis ultrafiltration and other circumstances need to strictly limit the consumption of sodium and water. Do not exceed 3 grams of salt per day.
Where the water, including food, fruit, drink, infusion and all the liquid into the body, salt intake and water intake is accompanied by the control salt if the ideal, and then control the water, the general will not feel thirsty Too hard to bear. Control the weight of the dialysis interval increased by no more than 5% (about 2.5 kg); the contrary, if the patient at home with dizziness, sweating at this time to measure low blood pressure can be properly consumed.
Uremic diet Keep enough calorie intake:
Uremic diet need to keep enough calorie intake reasons: daily intake of calories from the diet is used to maintain the metabolism of our body and a variety of activities consumed. When the intake is less than the consumption of the body with their own energy reserves, and even consume their own organizations to meet life activities. Uremic diet long-term intake of less than accompanied by protein malnutrition, resulting in weight loss, swelling, vitality disappeared, death.
When the energy intake is more than consumption lead to obesity, diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and cancer prone factors. Kidney dialysis patients per kilogram of body weight to give more than 30-35 kcal of calories (60 years old or more 30 kcal), so that the patient's calorie intake and consumption balance to maintain the ideal weight. The ideal source of heat is mainly sugar and fat. Patients with extreme weight loss or excessive fat when the total calories should be appropriate increase or decrease.