The basic materials for synthesizing human proteins have essential amino acids and non-essential amino acids. The body cannot make the essential amino acids, which are ingested by food. Rather than a source of essential amino acids don't have to worry about, eat less, the body can be transformed urea (one of uremic toxins urine), become a non-essential amino acid raw material, can help in the synthesis of protein, and reduce the blood urea, it is kill two birds with one stone really. However, to synthesize the protein, there is no need for amino acids, and a significant number of essential amino acids. Modern treatment of renal insufficiency of dialysis therapy is according to this principle, puts forward the quality low-protein diet plus essential amino acids, namely their diet, under the guidance of a doctor to take essential amino acid supplement nutrition.
It is important to provide sufficient essential amino acids for chronic renal failure. Because chronic kidney failure limits the intake of protein, although it can improve the general condition of kidney failure, protein deficiency and malnutrition are difficult to solve. Therefore, it is necessary to provide sufficient essential amino acids for the high-quality, low-protein, high-calorie diet. Because the supply of essential amino acids, promote the synthesis of proteins in the body, improve the nutritional status of patients and essential amino acids in the process of protein synthesis in the body at the same time, can use part of urea, which can reduce the levels of blood urea nitrogen, from surface to improve the symptoms of uremia. In addition, the essential amino acid is also beneficial for correcting the calcium phosphorus metabolism of the patient.
Essential amino acids are appropriate for oral preparation, and adult dosage is 9 ~ 24 grams per day, oral. When using the essential amino acid preparation, the patient should try to replenish enough calories to use vitamin B6. All essential amino acid treatments should be given a low protein diet, and the average daily intake of protein is about 20 grams. The treatment usually has no side effects, and only a few patients have mild gastrointestinal reactions such as nausea. Of course, you can treat it with ketoacid. The essential amino acids and ketoacids are expensive and only need to be used in the period of nitrogen and kidney failure. We generally do not approve of the essential amino acids for intravenous fluids, which are not only inconvenient and costly, but also if the injection is of poor quality; It can also aggravate kidney function damage.