In China, the prevalence of chronic kidney disease has been as high as 10.8%, which means that every 10 people have 1 renal patients, if the disease is not controlled, nephropathy may progress to kidney failure, even uremia. In kidney factors, many of them are daily habits. What causes kidney diseases?
Three major reasons lead to kidney disease, far from kidney failure, uremia, from these habits do
First, eat without scruple,kidney overwhelmed
1,Eat without scruple, kidney disease occurred imperceptibly
Kidney is an important organ in the body responsible for the excretion of waste and toxins. Eating too salty, too sweet, too oily, too much protein, will increase the burden on the kidneys, long-term high load work, kidney naturally easy to fall ill.
2, eating too salty is also prone to high blood pressure
Hypertension is a systemic disease and kidney disease, it is often a pair of twin sisters. In recent years, the incidence of renal damage caused by hypertension is increasing. Therefore, should adhere to the low salt diet in daily life, daily intake of salt should be more appropriate in the 5 to 6 grams.
3, eat too sweet, too much oil, kidney burden
Eat too sweet, too much oil, it will not only increase the burden on the kidneys, but also lead to obesity, obesity will lead to increased fat content, kidney weight increased, the volume increased, glomerular hypertrophy. Obese patients are also prone to insulin resistance, causing diabetes.
About 40% of diabetics suffer from diabetic nephropathy, which is one of the most difficult to treat
4, excessive protein intake leads to hyperuricemia
Eat too much protein, can lead to increased serum uric acid concentrations in vivo, caused by hyperuricemia. Elevated serum uric acid concentrations on renal toxicity is very large, it is easy to cause renal tubular and interstitial lesions, and finally develop into chronic renal failure namely uremia.
Two, free to take medicine, easy to eat kidney bad
Mr. Wang has been constantly cold, headache and nasal obstruction, in order to get rid of the bitter cold, just at home to eat a few slices of cold medicine. After a day did not alleviate the symptoms, he ate a few grains of antibiotics. Did not think that afternoon, Mr. Wang suddenly feel back, after a while even waist not straight up. After being rushed to the hospital, the doctor diagnosed Mr. Wang was suffering from acute nephritis.
2, drug abuse leads to kidney failure
Cases of kidney damage caused by drug abuse have been common in recent years, and hospitals almost every month have encountered patients with nephritis like Mr. Wang who is taking the medicine at will
A lot of "junk" in the body through the kidneys are excreted through the urine, including drug metabolites in vivo. Some drugs have significant side effects on the kidney, including: gentamicin, kanamycin and other antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and some compound medicine for colds.
Therefore, there is no clear diagnosis of febrile infectious flu patients, not to take antibiotics. After a cold have a fever should not take medicine at random, but under the guidance of a doctor taking the right according to their symptoms. Especially poor renal function and chronic kidney disease are more cautious medication.
In addition to these drugs, long-term use of certain anti-cancer chemotherapy drugs, medium weight loss pills, female contraceptives, etc., can also cause varying degrees of kidney damage
Three, ignore the cold, kidney quietly sick
A cold on the indiscriminate eating antibiotics will damage the kidneys, but if you do not see the doctor dragged, ignore treatment, does not seem to be a serious cold, sore throat and other diseases will cause kidney disease
1, infection is a common cause of kidney disease
Acute pharyngitis, easy to cause acute exacerbation of acute glomerulonephritis or chronic nephritis acute upper respiratory tract infection. So every cold weather or temperature changes significantly, the new hospital admissions of nephrotic patients and exacerbations will be increased, and many have a history of kidney patients before the onset of illness.
The study found that the incidence of acute glomerulonephritis, mostly associated with streptococcal infection, and the incidence of the nephritis have a certain incubation period, patients in general symptoms reduced or dissipated until after the emergence of symptoms of nephritis.
The main performance is: hematuria, urine is cloudy red brown; edema, and most of the first to appear in the face, especially in the eyelid, serious when can appear in the lower extremities, in addition there may be headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, loss of appetite and other symptoms.
Therefore, after the cold, if the above symptoms, we must not ignore the treatment of acute nephritis
In addition to the common upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia, hepatitis and other common infectious diseases will lead to different types of kidney disease. So, in order to protect the health of the kidney, in daily life should pay attention to rest, exercise, improve the body immunity, prevention of colds, don't let the virus of kidney damage.
Three, long-term holding back, careful nephritis
Some small bad habits in daily life can also lead to kidney disease
Miss Zhang is very busy at work, busy and forget to drink water, the toilet is also often "delayed", a long time to develop the habit of holding back. Last year organized physical examination, Ms. Zhang found herself had chronic nephritis.
2, holding back caused by injury of bladder, kidney disease
Therefore, long-term holding back not only easy to cause damage to the bladder, urine retention in the bladder long time but also vulnerable to bacterial reproduction, once the return back to the ureter and kidney, the toxic substances can cause kidney infections, causing urinary tract infection, nephritis and even uremia.
Therefore, even if the work is busy, don't forget to wash water and go to the toilet on time. Once you get into the habit of holding back, it will affect the health of the kidney and kidney disease in the imperceptibly. In the early and often have no special symptoms, many patients are just too late for regrets when entering into the advanced or disease acute attack.
In daily life, in addition to pay attention to the above question, also want to do regular urine routine and renal function tests, especially in daily life can not ignore the backache, edema, urine color change, night urination, anemia or hypertension treatment and other symptoms. Once found the traces of kidney disease, must be timely treatment.