Proteinuria is a typical symptom of chronic kidney disease. The formation of proteinuria is closely related to the barrier function of glomerulus. There are three layers of glomerular capillary structure, which are endothelial cell layer, basement membrane layer and epithelial cell layer from inside to outside. Because the three cells are distributed with unequal size filters and negative charges. Since it explains the symptoms and causes of proteinuria, then we will come to understand the principle of protein diet diet.
The principle of aftercare is as follows.
1, should be based on the types of proteinuria caused by nephropathy and the different conditions, the use of different standards of protein diet.
Patients with chronic nephritis can generally be supplied according to normal needs. Adults are 0.8~1.0g/kg per day. Should choose high physiological value protein, such as eggs, milk, fish and lean meat. The impairment of renal function in nephrotic syndrome, which can supply a high protein diet, protein a day for adults is 1.5~2.0g/kg, and the supply of high quality protein, blood urea nitrogen levels, to take a low protein diet.
2, nephrotic syndrome, urine in the loss except a large number of proteins, but also the loss of calcium, magnesium, zinc and protein combined with other minerals, should eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, supplement of calcium rich foods, such as milk and milk products, dried small shrimps, kelp, fish and green vegetables. Foods rich in magnesium, such as millet, wheat, meat, and animal offal. Foods rich in zinc, such as millet, wheat, corn flour, Chinese cabbage, radish, eggplant, lentils, pumpkin and so on.
3, plant proteins, because it contains a large number of purine bases, can increase the burden of kidney metabolism, so it should be eat less.
The above is the kidney diet notes, through the above explanation, I hope the treatment of patients will help you, hope patients can recover health as soon as possible.