/Nursing measures for chronic kidney disease stage 4

Nursing measures for chronic kidney disease stage 4

author:admin       pubdate:2017-08-12 16:46

As the saying goes with "three cent, seven points." so in daily life, in addition to the normal treatment of nephropathy patients must pay attention to their diet and reasonable nutrition, only the "two pronged" to effectively ensure its recovery faster, better.

1, bed rest, lying can increase renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate increase, reducing sodium and water retention, bed rest and activity of mild edema patients alternately, the activity should be restricted, severe edema and edema of limb rest in bed, in order to raise blood circulation, relieve edema.

2 diet. Limit the intake of water, sodium, and protein

(1) salt and water intake, urine volume >1000ml/d mild edema, not too much water, sodium restriction within 3g/d, including sodium containing food and beverage, such as sausage, bacon, canned food, severe edema and oliguria, daily water intake is limited to 1000ml, into the salt free diet, sugar, vinegar, onion etc. seasoning export increase appetite.

(2) the intake of protein, low protein diet can reduce renal damage, severe edema and hypoproteinemia in patients with protein intake, daily 1g per kg, more than 60% of high-quality protein, in patients with mild edema daily protein 0.5-0.6/kg, more than 60% high quality protein such as lean meat, egg, milk, protein intake at the same time, there must be plenty of calories daily, 126-147KJ/kg.

3, to protect the skin edema parts, prevent skin damage

(1) the patient should wear soft cotton products wide anti dry clothes, keep the bed flat, often turning to avoid bone skin compression.

(2) regular use of warm water, bath or shower, frequently change underwear, mouthwash after meals, rinse the perineum once a day, keep the skin clean, prevent infection

(3) not eating in violation of the principle of diet, as far as possible to eat nutritious food, in order to improve the body resistance, is conducive to damaged skin repair

4, avoid triggers. Disease, chronic kidney disease, often due to upper respiratory tract infection or other parts of the infection of overwork, mood changes, eating too much salt water aggravate, thus edema, should avoid the incentive to keep the mood and good habits, positive control diet, with treatment and nursing, promote disease recovery.

(1) as the weather changes, add and change clothes in time to prevent colds and avoid crowded public places

(2) pay attention to work and rest

(3) set up confidence in overcoming disease, keep optimistic attitude, keep the mind relaxed, and set up a good attitude towards life

(4) often communicate with colleagues and friends, exchange ideas and prevent excessive depression

Nursing measures for chronic kidney disease stage 4.There are a lot of attention in patients with CKD, although it is difficult to adhere to, but for their own health considerations still need to strictly perform. Wish every patient here sincerely can recover soon!

 

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