/The principle of diet in chronic kidney disease

The principle of diet in chronic kidney disease

author:admin       pubdate:2017-08-07 14:35

Chronic glomerulonephritis referred to as chronic nephritis, refers to proteinuria, hematuria, hypertension, edema of the basic clinical manifestations, onset in different ways, the protracted, the slow progress of pathological changes can have different degrees of renal dysfunction, with a tendency of deterioration of renal function and will eventually develop chronic renal failure group of glomerular disease.

The principle of diet in chronic kidney disease:

1: low salt low fat low salt diet to avoid sodium retention and prevent exacerbation of edema and hypertension. Because fat can cause arteriosclerosis, nephropathy and renal arteriosclerosis is itself, so patients need to reduce fat intake.

2, high quality low protein: excessive protein intake will increase the burden on the kidneys, and therefore must be preferred quality, low protein diet, which requires the nutrition doctor's guidance, select inpidual protein intake

3, add energy: lack of energy will use the body's own protein, so that creatinine, urea nitrogen rise, aggravating the disease, so make up the energy is extremely important

4, low potassium diet: hyperkalemia is one of the most common complications of chronic renal failure, severe hyperkalemia can cause cardiac arrest and other risk of life, so this also requires high vigilance patients and their families

5, high calcium low phosphorus: with the progression of the disease, many patients will have hyperphosphatemia and other complications, which requires high calcium low phosphorus diet. People can be difficult is that high calcium foods tend to phosphorus is high, such as milk, so focus on the high calcium low phosphorus diet with emphasis on low P.

6, low purine diet: a large number of purine metabolism in the body will increase the burden on the kidneys, especially those suffering from gout, high purine diet will induce gout attack, aggravating the disease

7, the appropriate high fiber diet: high intake of cellulose is conducive to maintaining smooth stool, excretion of toxins, and maintain the balance of human metabolism, it is recommended that patients eat more roughage, as well as certain fruits, vegetables and so on

 

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