/Chronic kidney disease stage 4 diet should pay attention to

Chronic kidney disease stage 4 diet should pay attention to

author:admin       pubdate:2017-08-07 14:12

The incidence of chronic kidney disease has the characteristics of "three high", "three low": high incidence of cardiovascular disease with high prevalence rate, high mortality rate; social awareness of chronic kidney disease prevention rate is low, low rate of comorbid cardiovascular disease awareness rate is low. As the saying goes for kidney disease who Disease enters by the mouth.. And more attention should be paid to the diet.

Clinically, patients with chronic kidney disease four period has its own unique features, so the need for diet through approach to adjuvant therapy, so as to achieve the best therapeutic effect. So need to comply with the diet of patients with chronic kidney disease have? Here we give a detailed introduce.

1 this is a sufficient vitamin diet in patients with chronic kidney disease. The daily needs attention in patients with chronic kidney disease should eat foods rich in vitamin A, B and C and iron rich foods, in order to meet the needs of the body, such as fresh green leafy vegetables, fruit and animal offal, liver, eggs, tomatoes, red dates, peanuts, eggplant, fungus, watermelon, cucumber, radish, citrus, kiwi, natural fruit juice, but high blood uric acid and lipids were not edible animal offal. Vitamin C supplementation is beneficial to the absorption of iron, edible tomatoes, green leafy vegetables, watermelon, oranges, kiwi fruit and natural juices and other food.

2 low phosphorus phosphorus content of their diet is very important for patients with chronic kidney disease. Patients with chronic renal failure often have elevated serum phosphorus intake, so limiting dietary phosphorus on serum phosphorus is very important. Should develop low phosphorus diet plan, try to avoid eating phosphorus rich foods, such as yeast, dried beans, whole grains, nuts, seafood, animal offal, such as brain. Egg yolk high phosphorus, 1 weeks of not more than 2, cooking fish and lean meat, can be boiled, then remove and stir, to reduce the amount of phosphorus in fish.

The supply of 3 protein, should supply according to the normal demand, adult daily 0.8~1.0 grams per kilogram of body weight. And the physiological value of high protein, such as eggs, milk, meat and so on, in order to compensate the loss and avoid excretion, treatment of edema and anemia.

4 if the patients with hypertension or hyperlipidemia, content to saturated fatty acids and cholesterol in the restricted diet. To have anemia cases, should use rich in protein and iron in food, such as liver, kidney, beef, egg yolk and green vegetables.

5 daily CKD patients must actively adhere to the principle of dietary supplementation with vitamins and low phosphorus, so as to better let yourself lift nephropathy harm. At the same time, chronic kidney disease, longer course of disease, so patients should have long-term treatment to prevent the patient gave up treatment, resulting in serious consequences.



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