/Dietary guidelines for patients with chronic kidney disease

Dietary guidelines for patients with chronic kidney disease

author:admin       pubdate:2017-08-07 11:44

The kidney is the main excretory organ of human body metabolism, body responsible for water and electrolyte metabolism mediation balance, physiological activity wastes, side by side in the urine. When the renal disease, in addition to give timely treatment, but also pay attention to not increase the burden of kidney, especially caused by improper diet burden. It is not once with chronic kidney disease, will lose the right to taste the delicacy, even a normal diet is dangerous? Many people have chronic kidney disease first such doubts.

The kidney is the main excretory organ of human body metabolism, body responsible for water and electrolyte metabolism mediation balance, physiological activity wastes, side by side in the urine. When the renal disease, in addition to give timely treatment, but also pay attention to not increase the burden of kidney, especially caused by improper diet burden. It is not once with chronic kidney disease, will lose the right to taste the delicacy, even a normal diet is dangerous? Many people have chronic kidney disease first such doubts.

Dietary guidelines for patients with chronic kidney disease

(100 grams of rice, 8 grams of protein)

In fact, the reason for chronic kidney disease patients to strengthen the diet control, in order to better cooperate with the treatment, without increasing the burden on the kidneys, delaying renal failure steps. "Strengthening diet control" is not "food deprivation of rights", if the understanding of their condition, grasp the patterns of eating, all can do to take control of their health.

In order to develop a reasonable diet according to their illness, patients with chronic kidney disease must first understand the period they belong to chronic kidney disease. How to distinguish the type of chronic kidney disease? Nephrology hospital physician experts pointed out: "if the main stage of chronic kidney disease patients according to the glomerular filtration rate to pide, if glomerular the filtration rate of more than 90 mL / min, belonging to a period; between 60 - 90 mL / min, which belongs to the two period; between 30 - 60 ml / min, which belongs to the three period; between 15 - 30 ml / min, which belongs to the four period; 15 ml / min following which belongs to the five period"

Chronic kidney disease patients according to their examination results, we can clearly know their disease types, also we can know the overall diet for their needs. The "high energy", "low protein", "limit salt", "limited water." these words seem abstract and hard, but this is the general principle must be complied with in the diet, the details of the operation, as long as with meat and vegetables, scientific collocation, chronic kidney disease patients can eat very rich, eat very delicious!

(100 of lean meat, 18 grams of protein)

To make chronic kidney patients eat healthily and eat scientifically, Gao Yanxiang's physician takes the following recipes for different periods of chronic kidney disease -- --

I. patients with chronic kidney disease in phase first, second

Protein requirements =0.75 g / kg bw / day

Caloric requirement =30 kcal / kg bw / day

Case 45 kg body weight;

Protein requirements: 34 G

Demand for calories: 1 million 350 thousand calories

Breakfast:

125 ml of milk, bread 50 grams, 30 grams of lotus root

Lunch:

Rice 75 grams (raw weight)

Fried cabbage: 230 grams, sunflower seed oil 10 grams, salt 1 grams

50 grams of lamb and 100 grams of scallion, 10 grams of sunflower seed oil, 0.5 grams of salt

Dinner 50 grams, rice porridge 200 ml.

Fried lettuce 170 grams, sunflower oil 10 grams, 0.5 grams of salt.

(100 grams of tofu, 9 grams of protein)

Two, third patients with chronic kidney disease

Protein requirements =0.75 g / kg bw / day

Caloric requirement =30 kcal / kg bw / day

Case 50 kg body weight

Protein requirements: 38 grams

Caloric requirement: 1 million 500 thousand calories

Breakfast:

Boiled egg 1, cornmeal porridge 300 ml (1 bowls), sweet potato 100 grams

Lunch:

Rice 100 grams (raw weight)

Braised grass carp 50 grams, 100 grams of soy sauce in green bean sprouts; 5 ml, 1 grams of salt, 15 ml of soybean oil

Dinner:

Reshangmian 100 grams (30 grams of wheat flour + wheat starch 70 grams); 30 grams of tomatoes, egg 10 grams, 150 grams of eggplant biscuiting, soybean oil 15 ml, 1 grams of salt, 100 grams of watermelon fruit.

(raw weight 100 grams, hairtail contains 17.7 grams of protein)

Three, chronic kidney disease fourth (before dialysis) patients

Protein requirements =0.6 g / kg bw / day

Caloric requirement =30 kcal / kg bw / day

Case 70 kg

Protein requirements: 42 grams

Caloric requirement: 2 million 100 thousand calories

Breakfast:

50 grams of lotus root, to buy 1 Clay oven rolls, salad greens

Lunch:

Wheat starch Flapjack 3 two (50 grams of wheat flour + wheat starch 100 grams)

100 grams of cucumber salad, celery tofu silk (celery 50 grams, tofu 25 grams), West gourd shrimp soup

Dinner:

Rice 100 grams (raw weight)

Steamed Grass Carp 50 grams, 100 grams of eggplant, garlic, white radish soup, peach 1

Use 40 grams of vegetable oil all day, 3 grams of salt, and other condiments in moderation

Four, dialysis the patient's diet

If the chronic kidney disease enters the dialysis stage, its diet needs to have the following attention - - -

1, to control water intake, weight gain should be no more than 2Kg during the two dialysis period;

2, to control the high potassium content of food intake, such as orange, orange, banana, carambola, letinous edodes, beans and so on, in order to prevent hyperkalemia;

3, limit the intake of salt in their diet, eat less high phosphorus foods, such as pig offal;

4, should eat foods rich in vitamins

In patients with chronic kidney disease in the diet in the process, should maintain a balanced state of mind, "neither do passive treatment, is not too optimistic. Whether in peacetime or in any holiday, before eating, the best in my heart there is a" pause ", ask yourself" I can eat this food? "Then, the amount of it.

However, in a lot of food to eat, there are risk factors, not because of momentary careless, may enjoy a taste, and caused the burden on the kidneys, even the danger of life --

1, obsessed with beer

If you are suffering from kidney disease, and unrestricted drinking large amounts of beer, uric acid deposition will lead to obstruction of renal tubules, resulting in kidney failure

Health shield, should pay attention to your kidney is healthy, usually regular urine. Don't wait for the blood test found that kidney problems, the impaired renal function for a long time.

2, eating vegetables and fruits excessively

Although vegetables and fruits are good for health, not every fruit and vegetable is suitable for chronic kidney disease patients. If it is not selected, the high potassium content in vegetables and fruits will lead to the destruction of kidney function

In the choice of daily health shield, Vegetable & Fruit, do a composition of understanding, can consult a specialist or nutritionist, try not to drink too much juice soup. Vegetable & Fruit, etc.

3, mysterious medicine food

The traditional Chinese medicine has a mysterious veil, especially for some Difficult miscellaneous diseases is a unique curative effect. However, the application of "a", and even superstitious so-called "secret", may cause danger.

To aphrodisiac folk prescription, many Chinese medicine contains aristolochic acid and other kidney toxicity components, long-term use will form aristolochic acid nephropathy, kidney great harm

Health effects or shields, detoxification treatment of acne, but even medicine with fish bile or snake, must go through special processing to remove its toxicity, do not blindly take.

 

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