/Stage 3-4 chronic kidney disease diet principles

Stage 3-4 chronic kidney disease diet principles

author:admin       pubdate:2017-08-07 10:44


Principle: diet should take into account the burden on the kidneys, to reduce the burden on the kidneys. Appropriate to reduce the intake of protein, because protein will increase kidney filtration load. To reduce the salt consumption, eating too much salt is increased kidney filtration and reabsorption is easy to cause the retention of water and sodium, in order to reduce edema, or eat put salt.

1, the diet to light as the principle, less greasy food, spicy spicy food; cooking methods to steaming, cooking, stewing and other mainly, less fried and so on


2, using high quality low protein diet. High protein food refers to the meat, chicken, fish, eggs, milk and so on, this kind of food intake is best accounted for more than half of the total intake of protein per day; low refers to the total protein intake in patients with renal insufficiency should be strictly controlled by the protein, physician or dietitian for you calculation of the specific volume. 3, without diabetes mellitus, should be based on the control protein, to ensure the heat supply, can try to use wheat starch class food representative Steamed Rice as staple food (as the wheat starch food protein content than little food very much, so as to guarantee the supply of energy, without increasing protein intake). This kind of food including flour, water chestnut cake, crystal cake, Pyramid dumplings, silver powder, fans, etc. also lotus root starch can be appropriate to eat sugar, honey and so on. 4, if the patients with diabetes, control the protein must also control the total Heat, can try to use wheat starchy foods instead of Steamed Rice as a daily staple food. But high glycemic index food such as food restriction, sugar, honey, sugar, sugar drink, can be allowed to eat the Steamed Rice weight replaced with equivalent rice grains (buckwheat, barley, yam, rice, red rice, black rice, etc.) but, because of such grains rich in potassium, phosphorus, potassium and phosphorus in patients with high, according to the need of physician or dietitian approved weight before eating.

5, beware of beans and bean products, including soybeans, black beans, red bean, mung bean, Soybean Milk, soy milk, bean curd, Dried tofu, tofu skin.

6, do not drink soup, including gravy, chicken soup, bone soup, fish soup; if you have to drink the soup, the meal of vegetables, melons with meat (with net bone soup) 20 minutes, the vegetables, meat eating meat, but each meal total control unchanged.

7 patients with hyperuricemia to control the intake of purine, can not eat animal offal, seafood soup, beer, and other high purine foods, to limit meat, cooking water should be to eat meat with boiling water. After 8, high potassium foods should be considered depending on the results of examination of serum electrolyte, serum potassium should be low eat more, high blood potassium should be fasting, normally can not be restricted.

9, when the high serum phosphorus content, when ingested, appropriate restrictions on phosphorus rich food such as milk, egg yolk, offal, beans, mushrooms, fungus, tea, oatmeal and so on.

10, proper edible fruit vitamin supplements (no edible carambola and some sticky fruits such as mango, pineapple, litchi, longan, etc.) every day not more than 200g, not immediately after a meal to eat, should eat in 2 hours after a meal. 11, sodium intake: edema and oliguria, hypertension patients should limit salt. Every day should be less than 3 grams. And eat less or do not eat pickles, pickled tofu, soy sauce, monosodium glutamate preserved egg, sodium containing high food (because the main component of salt is sodium chloride, these foods contain sodium).

12, edema patients should strictly control the intake of water, the daily total intake of water can be agreed with a specialist or nutritionist, less eating porridge, milk, soup, fruit and other water content of more food. 13, special food example:

High potassium foods: mushrooms, kelp, seaweed, bananas, spinach, potatoes, cucumber, carrot, millet; low potassium food: rice, melon, eggplant, watermelon, apples, grapes, pears; high sodium foods: salt, soy sauce, pickles, bacon, preserved egg, soy, tofu, spinach etc.; low sodium foods: meat, potatoes, taro, spinach, leeks, bamboo, gourd, horseshoe, arrowhead etc.; high phosphorus foods: millet, mung bean, offal, egg yolk, mushrooms, kelp, seaweed, peanuts, etc.;

Low phosphorus food: egg, goose, radish, sweet potato, taro, vermicelli, jelly, potatoes, vegetables,

Melons and fruits;

High calcium foods: milk, amaranth, kelp, laver, sesame, shrimp and so on. 14, for example, diet:

(1) lentils yam porridge: lentils yam 15g, 15g, 50g meters, porridge, for their spleen wet Sheng
(2): mung bean mung bean 100g sage syrup into a pot of mung bean, adding perilla 10g, ageratum 15g, sugar 50g, suitable for wet turbid Sheng

(3) orange drink: Artemisia 30g, bitter orange peel 10g, decocted in water, can be used for heat accumulation are

(4) melon red bean carp: melon 200g, red bean 50g, crucian carp, can be used for heat accumulation are;

(5 yuan) ginseng sliced chicken with ginseng 5g, longan pulp 10 (soaked), chicken breast 100g, suitable for Qi and blood deficiency.



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