/What diet conditioning should CKD stage 4 pay attention to?

What diet conditioning should CKD stage 4 pay attention to?

author:admin       pubdate:2017-08-07 10:40

Chronic kidney disease is related to renal abnormalities such as examination, hematuria, proteinuria, renal biopsy pathological problems, ultrasound shows that the morphological changes of kidney, or kidney function decline, and the course lasted more than three months.

According to the extent of the decline in renal function, chronic kidney disease can be pided into 5 stages. The fifth stage treatment is the last period of the general need to rely on dialysis, kidney transplantation, and 1-4 phase to conservative treatment. Stage 4 chronic kidney disease as a final pass of dialysis before, the treatment is effective or not determines whether patients need dialysis, when to start dialysis treatment, so in the whole course of treatment is significant.

However, with the development of eating habits of chronic kidney disease is closely related to rely solely on the drug treatment can not achieve satisfactory results. Only on the basis of drug treatment, the patients themselves rely on diet, two pronged approach to work. So, diet conditioning stage 4 chronic kidney disease should pay attention to what?

1, the diet should be light as the principle, less greasy food, spicy spicy food; cooking methods to steam, boil, stew and so on mainly, less fried and so on

2, high quality, low protein diet principle. High protein food refers to the meat, chicken, fish, eggs, milk and so on, this kind of food intake is best accounted for more than 60% of the total daily protein intake; low protein intake refers to the total protein 0.6g protein /kg in weight / day, of course, can be calculated by a physician the specific amount of help or a dietitian.

3, without diabetes mellitus, should be based on the control protein, to ensure the heat supply, can try to use wheat starchy foods instead of Steamed Rice as staple food (because of wheat starch food protein content less than Steamed Rice very much, so as to guarantee the supply of energy, without increasing protein intake). This kind of food. Products include: water chestnut cake, silver powder, vermicelli, lotus root starch, or buy their own wheat starch made into noodles, dumplings, Steamed Buns. If the patients with diabetes, sugar, honey, sugar, sugar drink should pay attention to food restriction.

4, proper edible fruit vitamin supplements, but should be fasting carambola, some hot Shensi fruit such as mango, pineapple, litchi, longan, every day does not exceed 200g, not immediately after a meal to eat, should eat in 2 hours after a meal.

5, do not drink soup, including gravy, chicken soup, bone soup, fish soup.

6, when combined with hyperuricemia, we should control purine intake, not eating animal offal, soup, seafood, beer and other high purine foods. When cooking, we should boil the meat in boiling water and then eat it

7, high potassium food intake should be considered depending on the results of serum electrolyte examination, but because of renal failure patients serum potassium excretion was normal, so try to eat high potassium foods, such as bananas, oranges, fungus, seaweed, mushroom and so on.

8, when the high serum phosphorus content, phosphorus rich should be appropriate to limit food intake, such as egg yolk, offal, beans, mushrooms, fungus, tea, oatmeal and so on.

9, there is edema and oliguria, hypertension patients should limit salt, every day should be less than 3 grams. And eat less or do not eat pickles, pickled tofu, soy sauce, monosodium glutamate preserved egg, sodium containing high food (because the main component of salt is sodium chloride, these foods containing more sodium).

10, edema patients should strictly control the intake of water, the daily total intake of water can be agreed with a specialist or nutritionist, eating less porridge, milk, soup, fruit and other water content of food

 

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